Breast And Cervical Cancer Prevention – Some causes,risks and prevention methods that will help you combat and diagnose breast cancer.
The consumption of alcohol. Over consumption of alcohol, the greater the risk of breast cancer increases, regardless of the type of alcohol consumed. This fact has been observed in several epidemiological studies, with premenopausal women.
Taking estrogen. Some studies show that oral contraceptives (the pill) increases slightly the risk of breast cancer among women who use them for over 4 years. This risk is however more observable 10 years after stopping use of the contraceptive pill. Further studies on the subject have found no link between the pill and breast cancer. However, carriers of a BRCA mutation decreases the risk of ovarian cancer by taking birth control pills.
Furthermore, hormone replacement therapy at menopause, which combines estrogen and progesterone, increases slightly the risk of breast cancer if taken for more than 5 years. Five years after stopping hormone therapy, this increased risk is practically visible. In the case of use of HRT for less than 5 years, the risk of breast cancer is not changed.
Exposure to carcinogenic chemicals. Being in contact with chemicals in the environment (organochlorine pesticides (DDT), parabens, etc..) Could contribute to the formation of breast cancer. The cause and effect is very difficult to establish.
The role of the psychological state in the development of cancer is controversial. Some personality traits have been associated in studies at an increased risk of cancer. Other studies, however came to contradict this hypothesis.
These measures are designed to detect cancer as early as possible in order to halt its progression and, if possible, to cure.
Observation of any anomaly. Be on the lookout for any changes in breast lump, discharge, nipple retraction, pain, etc.. To do this, feel and look their breasts regularly. Self-breast exams no longer recommended. However, we must remain attentive to changes that may occur to the breasts.
Examination by a professional. The clinical breast examination by a doctor detects a mass not perceived by the woman or not visible on mammography.
Mammography. . Its effectiveness in reducing mortality in this population group is supported by studies. Apart from this age group, the need for testing varies from one woman to another, according to his personal risk factors. Should be discussed with your doctor. For women over 69 years, it is often recommended to continue mammography at regular intervals. Again, it is better to discuss with her doctor.
Other tests are sometimes offered to women at high risk due to genetic predispositions.
Basic preventive measures
Good lifestyle habits (exercise, healthy diet with enough fruit and vegetables, quitting smoking, moderate alcohol consumption, etc..) And maintaining a healthy weight to help reduce the risk of several types of cancer including breast cancer.
Of course, the fight against cancer requires not only individual actions, but also collective action: reducing the presence of chemicals in household products, reduce use of chemical pesticides, equip cities to promote the activity physics, etc..